How to perform an otoscopic examination

This post is going to describe how to perform an otoscopic examination of a patient, from start to finish. I’ll direct it from an audiologist’s point of view, but I am still an audiology student, and hence haven’t acquired a heap of experience yet. This is what is involved.

First up, you need to describe to the patient what you’re going to do. You don’t need to say anything in too much detail, it could just be ‘I’m just going to take a quick look in your ears, so just hold still for me’. For younger kids you can say ‘I’m going to see if I can see the inside of your ear!’ And for really young kids, you might want to get them sitting on the parents lap so just instruct the parents on how to hold them. For wriggly kids, get them sitting across the lap, get the parent to anchor the child’s head to their chest, and restrain the arms with their other hand, just so the child won’t be moving about whilst you’re inside their ear. Continue reading


Anatomy of the inner ear

As I mentioned during my post on the anatomy of the outer and middle ears, I would be following up with a post on the anatomy of the inner ear. So today I will just try to give a bit of a summary on how the cochlea converts the vibrations of sound, to a message that can be interpreted by the brain.

The cochlea is like a long tube folded in half, and then coiled up with the folded end being the apex of the coil. This tube is filled with a fluid called perilymph. Continue reading

Anatomy of the external and middle ear

Recently I began studying my current university degree which is a Masters in Clinical Audiology. To be honest, I hadn’t really known much about the ear before I began, but since starting, I have learnt so much and thought about so many things that I hadn’t even considered before. How can we tell where sounds come from? What is a ‘sound’? How does the brain use the information a sound brings? I’ll probably end up writing more about the ear and concepts related to audiology more than anything else from now on so I apologise in advance if this is not of interest to any of our current readers. This post will be a bit of an introductory one to the anatomy of the ear. Hopefully, what I write makes sense even if you don’t have any background knowledge!

Continue reading